**About the Einsteinium Foundation** The Einsteinium Foundation was created to help, in any small way it can, raise funding for cutting edge scientific research. To this aim we created Einsteinium, a new crypto currency (similar to Bitcoin), to gather funds that can be distributed to projects the community chooses. Combined with donations from the community at large we will help fund some of the most innovative projects currently under-way or help seed those waiting to start.
B1bl3 NEWS:Bitcoin:BTCTrip Now Accepts Litecoin and Dogecoin for Travel Bookings,BitX to Expand Further in Emerging Markets with New Funding Deal,Coinbase Acquires Block Explorer Service Blockr.io and more
New England New England 6 States Songs: https://www.reddit.com/newengland/comments/er8wxd/new_england_6_states_songs/ NewEnglandcoin Symbol: NENG NewEnglandcoin is a clone of Bitcoin using scrypt as a proof-of-work algorithm with enhanced features to protect against 51% attack and decentralize on mining to allow diversified mining rigs across CPUs, GPUs, ASICs and Android phones. Mining Algorithm: Scrypt with RandomSpike. RandomSpike is 3rd generation of Dynamic Difficulty (DynDiff) algorithm on top of scrypt. 1 minute block targets base difficulty reset: every 1440 blocks subsidy halves in 2.1m blocks (~ 2 to 4 years) 84,000,000,000 total maximum NENG 20000 NENG per block Pre-mine: 1% - reserved for dev fund ICO: None RPCPort: 6376 Port: 6377 NewEnglandcoin has dogecoin like supply at 84 billion maximum NENG. This huge supply insures that NENG is suitable for retail transactions and daily use. The inflation schedule of NengEnglandcoin is actually identical to that of Litecoin. Bitcoin and Litecoin are already proven to be great long term store of value. The Litecoin-like NENG inflation schedule will make NewEnglandcoin ideal for long term investment appreciation as the supply is limited and capped at a fixed number Bitcoin Fork - Suitable for Home Hobbyists NewEnglandcoin core wallet continues to maintain version tag of "Satoshi v0.8.7.5" because NewEnglandcoin is very much an exact clone of bitcoin plus some mining feature changes with DynDiff algorithm. NewEnglandcoin is very suitable as lite version of bitcoin for educational purpose on desktop mining, full node running and bitcoin programming using bitcoin-json APIs. The NewEnglandcoin (NENG) mining algorithm original upgrade ideas were mainly designed for decentralization of mining rigs on scrypt, which is same algo as litecoin/dogecoin. The way it is going now is that NENG is very suitable for bitcoin/litecoin/dogecoin hobbyists who can not , will not spend huge money to run noisy ASIC/GPU mining equipments, but still want to mine NENG at home with quiet simple CPU/GPU or with a cheap ASIC like FutureBit Moonlander 2 USB or Apollo pod on solo mining setup to obtain very decent profitable results. NENG allows bitcoin litecoin hobbyists to experience full node running, solo mining, CPU/GPU/ASIC for a fun experience at home at cheap cost without breaking bank on equipment or electricity. MIT Free Course - 23 lectures about Bitcoin, Blockchain and Finance (Fall,2018) https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLUl4u3cNGP63UUkfL0onkxF6MYgVa04Fn CPU Minable Coin Because of dynamic difficulty algorithm on top of scrypt, NewEnglandcoin is CPU Minable. Users can easily set up full node for mining at Home PC or Mac using our dedicated cheetah software. Research on the first forked 50 blocks on v1.2.0 core confirmed that ASIC/GPU miners mined 66% of 50 blocks, CPU miners mined the remaining 34%. NENG v1.4.0 release enabled CPU mining inside android phones. Youtube Video Tutorial How to CPU Mine NewEnglandcoin (NENG) in Windows 10 Part 1 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sdOoPvAjzlE How to CPU Mine NewEnglandcoin (NENG) in Windows 10 Part 2 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nHnRJvJRzZg How to CPU Mine NewEnglandcoin (NENG) in macOS https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zj7NLMeNSOQ Decentralization and Community Driven NewEnglandcoin is a decentralized coin just like bitcoin. There is no boss on NewEnglandcoin. Nobody nor the dev owns NENG. We know a coin is worth nothing if there is no backing from community. Therefore, we as dev do not intend to make decision on this coin solely by ourselves. It is our expectation that NewEnglandcoin community will make majority of decisions on direction of this coin from now on. We as dev merely view our-self as coin creater and technical support of this coin while providing NENG a permanent home at ShorelineCrypto Exchange. Twitter Airdrop Follow NENG twitter and receive 100,000 NENG on Twitter Airdrop to up to 1000 winners Graphic Redesign Bounty Top one award: 90.9 million NENG Top 10 Winners: 500,000 NENG / person Event Timing: March 25, 2019 - Present Event Address: NewEnglandcoin DISCORD at: https://discord.gg/UPeBwgs Please complete above Twitter Bounty requirement first. Then follow Below Steps to qualify for the Bounty: (1) Required: submit your own designed NENG logo picture in gif, png jpg or any other common graphic file format into DISCORD "bounty-submission" board (2) Optional: submit a second graphic for logo or any other marketing purposes into "bounty-submission" board. (3) Complete below form. Please limit your submission to no more than two total. Delete any wrongly submitted or undesired graphics in the board. Contact DISCORD u/honglu69#5911 or u/krypton#6139 if you have any issues. Twitter Airdrop/Graphic Redesign bounty sign up: https://goo.gl/forms/L0vcwmVi8c76cR7m1 Milestones
Sep 3, 2018 - Genesis block was mined, NewEnglandcoin created
Sep 8, 2018 - github source uploaded, Window wallet development work started
Sep 11,2018 - Window Qt Graphic wallet completed
Sep 12,2018 - NewEnglandcoin Launched in both Bitcointalk forum and Marinecoin forum
Sep 14,2018 - NewEnglandcoin is listed at ShorelineCrypto Exchange
Sep 17,2018 - Block Explorer is up
Nov 23,2018 - New Source/Wallet Release v1.1.1 - Enabled Dynamic Addjustment on Mining Hashing Difficulty
Nov 28,2018 - NewEnglandcoin became CPU minable coin
Nov 30,2018 - First Retail Real Life usage for NewEnglandcoin Announced
Dec 28,2018 - Cheetah_Cpuminer under Linux is released
Dec 31,2018 - NENG Technical Whitepaper is released
Jan 2,2019 - Cheetah_Cpuminer under Windows is released
Jan 12,2019 - NENG v1.1.2 is released to support MacOS GUI CLI Wallet
Jan 13,2019 - Cheetah_CpuMiner under Mac is released
Feb 11,2019 - NewEnglandcoin v1.2.0 Released, Anti-51% Attack, Anti-instant Mining after Hard Fork
Mar 16,2019 - NewEnglandcoin v22.214.171.124 Released - Ubuntu 18.04 Wallet Binary Files
Apr 7, 2019 - NENG Report on Security, Decentralization, Valuation
Apr 21, 2019 - NENG Fiat Project is Launched by ShorelineCrypto
Sep 1, 2019 - Shoreline Tradingbot project is Launched by ShorelineCrypto
Dec 19, 2019 - Shoreline Tradingbot v1.0 is Released by ShorelineCrypto
Jan 30, 2020 - Scrypt RandomSpike - NENG v1.3.0 Hardfork Proposed
Feb 24, 2020 - Scrypt RandomSpike - NENG core v1.3.0 Released
Jun 19, 2020 - Linux scripts for Futurebit Moonlander2 USB ASIC on solo mining Released
Jul 15, 2020 - NENG v1.4.0 Released for Android Mining and Ubuntu 20.04 support
Jul 21, 2020 - NENG v126.96.36.199 Released for MacOS Wallet Upgrade with Catalina
Jul 30, 2020 - NENG v188.8.131.52 Released for Linux Wallet Upgrade with 8 Distros
Aug 11, 2020 - NENG v184.108.40.206 Released for Android arm64 Upgrade, Chromebook Support
Aug 30, 2020 - NENG v220.127.116.11 Released for Android/Chromebook with armhf, better hardware support
2018 Q3 - Birth of NewEnglandcoin, window/linux wallet - Done
2018 Q4 - Decentralization Phase I
Blockchain Upgrade - Dynamic hashing algorithm I - Done
Cheetah Version I- CPU Mining Automation Tool on Linux - Done
2019 Q1 - Decentralization Phase II
Cheetah Version II- CPU Mining Automation Tool on Window/Linux - Done
Blockchain Upgrade Dynamic hashing algorithm II - Done
2019 Q2 - Fiat Phase I
Assessment of Risk of 51% Attack on NENG - done
Launch of Fiat USD/NENG offering for U.S. residents - done
Initiation of Mobile Miner Project - Done
2019 Q3 - Shoreline Tradingbot, Mobile Project
Evaluation and planning of Mobile Miner Project - on Hold
Initiation of Trading Bot Project - Done
2019 Q4 - Shoreline Tradingbot
Shoreline tradingbot Release v1.0 - Done
2020 Q1 - Evaluate NENG core, Mobile Wallet Phase I
NENG core Decentralization Security Evaluation for v1.3.x - Done
Light Mobile Wallet Project Initiation, Evaluation
2020 Q2 - NENG Core, Mobile Wallet Phase II
NENG core Decentralization Security Hardfork on v1.3.x - Scrypt RandomSpike
Light Mobile Wallet Project Design, Coding
2020 Q3 - NENG core, NENG Mobile Wallet Phase II
Review on results of v1.3.x, NENG core Dev Decision on v1.4.x, Hardfork If needed
Light Mobile Wallet Project testing, alpha Release
2020 Q4 - Mobile Wallet Phase III
Light Mobile Wallet Project Beta Release
Light Mobile Wallet Server Deployment Evaluation and Decision
What’s Kevacoin? Kevacoin is a cryptocurrency for the blockchain that supports easy and flexible Key-Value data store. Use it like Redis or other popular data store, except that the data is stored on the public blockchain that is not owned by any entities. The data store is easy to add, update and access. No programming skills are required and it does not need smart contracts and their associated complications and risks. Use it for publications, microbloggings, public identities, notaries, etc. Fair Launch We are committed to fair launch, with no pre-mining, no founders' reward and no ICO. Open We developed Kevacoin as an open source project. It is not funded by any companies or foundations. We invite anyone who is interested in the project to join us. Specifications - Derived from Bitcoin/Litecoin, with convenient key-value data storage and retrieval.- PoW Algorithm: RandomKeva (a variant of RandomX)- Port: 9338- Block Time: 2 minute- Block Time Retarget algorithm: Digishield (same as Dogecoin)- Block Reward: 500 Keva- Block Reward halving schedule: same as bitcoin- Total Coin Supply: 1,050,000,000 Keva More Information - Website: https://kevacoin.org - Github: https://github.com/kevacoin-project - FAQ: https://kevacoin.org/faq.html - Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevacoin - Discord: https://discord.gg/5zPHhbG - Block Explorer: https://explorer.kevacoin.org - Mining Pool: https://kevapool.com
Bitcoin Billionaire Reviews : Complete Sign Up Guide 
We as a whole realize what Bitcoin Billionaire Billionaire are, at any rate from a fundamental perspective, and most wise tech darlings have at any rate thought about buying some type of digital money. In case you're among the individuals who are really charmed by all types of cryptographic forms of money, at that point you additionally realize that the arrangement of code which they all sudden spike in demand for is known as a blockchain. What Are Bitcoin Billionaire Block Explorers? For Bitcoin Billionaire (and alt-coins, as well), the blockchain is a continuous record of each exchange that has each happened utilizing that cash. The chain is persistently getting longer as new squares are finished and get connected as far as possible as another arrangement of recorded information. Each new connection in the chain is included as it happens, giving it an unmistakable straight recipe. The explanation the blockchain is so productive is on the grounds that it very well may be seen by anybody, yet it can't be duplicated. This permits genuinely open source coding and straightforwardness of information without giving up security. Envision an information sheet that is copied on each PC that is associated with the web, and afterward envision that updates can be made to this sheet progressively from anyplace on the planet. These updates will be appeared to everybody seeing it immediately. On the off chance that you can picture that, at that point you have a simple comprehension of how the blockchain functions. The entirety of the information in a blockchain exists as an unendingly shared and continually refreshed database. The blockchain utilizes organizing that gives everybody a precise perspective on all records progressively. It isn't recorded in any single stockpiling gadget or housed on a specific remote server. Rather, it's records are kept really open and exist all over the place. Since there is no focal stockpiling or ace duplicate of this information, it is highly unlikely for programmers to degenerate it. The blockchain is facilitated by a huge number of PCs at the same time and is lucid and evident by any individual who approaches the web. As a result of the way the blockchain works, it gives another degree of unparalleled straightforwardness and receptiveness to the budgetary world. Since the data is all visible progressively, it is just normal that numerous individuals are interested and wish to look at it. Tragically, not every person who is keen on review the blockchain for Bitcoin Billionaire Billionaire is really educated enough to peruse its code. Still more who really realize how to peruse and comprehend it would spare time if there were a simpler method to translate it. There are the individuals who have perceived this need and have decided to answer the call by giving blockchain pilgrims. These blockchain voyagers show the information found inside the blockchain in an outwardly engaging manner to make it simpler to peruse. Top Bitcoin Billionaire Block Explorers To Pay Attention To Here is a rundown of the best 6 blockchain voyagers that merit investigating.
Blockcypher is a Bitcoin Billionaire blockchain voyager that utilizations warm hues and is extremely simple on the eyes when seeing for significant stretches. Watchers can look into a Bitcoin Billionaire wallet's location and immediately observe the record for reserves sent and got through that wallet, just as its QR code. Blockcypher is additionally ready to show any unspent sums in the wallet, which numerous blockchain travelers can't do or think about a propelled include. You can likewise utilize Blcokcypher to see the square chains of different cryptographic forms of money, for example, Dogecoin and Litecoin.
Some may consider Bitcoin BillionaireChain excessively a lot to deal with outwardly, while others will appreciate the capacity to see a great deal of data without a moment's delay. This is on the grounds that Bitcoin BillionaireChain figures out how to fit a huge amount of information onto a solitary screen. This information incorporates Bitcoin Billionaire pools, arrange hubs, and markets. It ventures to show which individual square was mined by which mining pool on which organize. Bitcoin BillionaireChain offers a wallet administration too, which is a pleasant touch. With everything taken into account, this is a blockchain adventurer that has a ton to offer for the individuals who need to know the entirety of the subtleties when seeing a given blockchain.
Any individual who has their hands in cryptographic money in any genuine way will have just heard the name Blockr. This blockchain pilgrim is one of indisputably the most mind boggling and comprehensive of all the blockchain pioneer alternatives accessible. It shows a huge amount of data, however has an advantageous and simple to peruse position that clients love. Clients can choose a Bitcoin Billionaire trade and it will show a value file for Bitcoin Billionaire Billionaire on that trade. Blockr can aggregate the blockchain data utilizing a broad API which changes over the information into an assortment of diagrams containing the entirety of the data in a visual way that is anything but difficult to recognize and think about.
BTC.com is less broad than other blockchain adventurers, yet is ideal for following or watching out for explicit information. The first page of the site shows the hash pace of each mining pool progressively, and furthermore tracks other continuous system data. BTC.com likewise keeps tabs of system clog, which is acceptable to know for specific employments. In case you're attempting to stay aware of one explicit Bitcoin Billionaire address, this is the spot to go. BTC.com can follow the entirety of the notices of that specific address and make a path of that tends to movement.
Blockchain.info is one of the most well-known and intensely utilized blockchain wayfarers. This has brisk and simple go to alternatives for looking into a particular exchange or address without an excessive amount of complain. Blockchain.info offers a decent measure of information as general graphs and insights about the Bitcoin Billionaire organize by and large. The site additionally has a wallet administration for both versatile and work area clients.
TradeBlock is somewhat not quite the same as most blockchain pioneers. While it peruses the equivalent blockchain and pulls a similar data for review, it presents that information in an alternate way. The entirety of the data is gathered and designed into outer connections, every one of which prompts hashes for singular exchanges. It monitors the quantity of yields and information sources and shows them independently, which is a touch of a flighty insights that most fundamental clients aren't worried about, yet the more nerd clients will appreciate. It advantageously tracks the specific number of exchange affirmations progressively and continues refreshing as new exchanges are finished. TradeBlock is maybe the most inside and out and subtleties blockchain pioneer on the rundown, and it shows the data in a way that is ideal for the more bad-to-the-bone Bitcoin Billionaire lovers. Last Words On Bitcoin Billionaire Block Explorers Regardless of whether you're searching for a speedy and simple look at an irregular blockchain to straighten something up or you're a profoundly learned Bitcoin Billionaire dealer looking to min-max returns, there is a blockchain traveler on this rundown that has all that you need. https://www.cryptoerapro.com/bitcoin-billionaire/
Hi all, We saw lot of interest about tokens and DogeToken With u/SoiledCold5 we started to works on SLP Token for dogecoin. You can find more information on protocol on this GitHub : https://github.com/simpleledgeslp-specifications We will implement the protocol and people will be free to create her token, send, etc... we will provide implementation of this system with a bot like sodogetip and a little explorer website to list tokens, view token, etc ... Currently we finishing all tools/setup/sync to make a real test of system on dogecoin testnet and validate development. We don’t have a release date for now The current big step of our roadmap are : - Publish/Decode transaction token script (finish-in test) - Block Explorer with support of Token (in progress) - Sync of doge testnet for explorer decode (finished) - Sync of BitcoinCash chain to test decoder (in progress) - SoDogeTip web interface to create token (not started) Currently there are no token at sale. We want all Shibe take care of scam we are not selling any tokens. Don’t hesitate if you have any question :)
Still paying 50 doge reward for good dogecoin, bitcoin, & litecoin related website links submitted to opreturn.net
Hello dogecoin! A couple weeks ago I mentioned that I'd like to experiment with crowd-sourcing a good collection of website links related to dogecoin, bitcoin, & litecoin. I have a link referral page located at: https://opreturn.net/links/referral/ So far I've had over 250 links added through the referral page, and paid over 10,000 doge to those submitting the referrals. A complete list of all the links referred is located here: https://opreturn.net/links/list I wanted to mention I still have over 30,000 doge ready to pay out for link referrals. I know there has got to be lots more websites out there related to dogecoin, bitcoin, & litecoin. I'm interested in sites that can be categorized the topic below. If you know a site and would like to recommend it for a 50 doge reward, please submit through the referral page: Thanks! academic - Studies & analysis from academic institutions application - Applications utilizing blockchain & cryptocurrency solutions blockchain analysis - Tools & sites specializing in analyzing blockchains block explorers - Tools & sites that allow viewing and searching blockchains coding - Coding, scripting, programming tools & sites educational - Blockchain & cryptocurrency educational sites exchanges - Sites that bring together cryptocurrency buyers and sellers faucets - Sites paying out cryptocurrency in exchange for your time or labor gaming - Gaming, wagering, prediction markets, or entertainment related markets - Locations to buy and sell goods and services with cryptocurrency mempool - Mempool explorers, analysis, tools network - Network explorers, analysis, tools news - News, commentary, opinion, blogs, etc price data - Market, trading & price related technical data second layer - Second layer solutions for scaling & other specialized applications tools - Other tools visualization - Blockchain & network visualization sites & tools wallets - Software & tools to store & organize private keys & transactions
Hello! We are a multi-block explorer, and we have several blockchain nodes:
In the near future we are expecting the addition :) If you are interested in getting a free access to blockchains API (JSON-RPC), simply follow the link (Feedback form at the bottom of the page). Tell us about your project or why you need access to blockchain data, and we will grant you a free API key. Since as a result we become partners, and all serious partnerships are public, we will have to exchange active links in the «Partners» section on our websites.
Refer your favorite dogecoin related website, receive 50 doge reward
Hello /dogecoin! I would like to collect lots of different links to websites and tools related to dogecoin, bitcoin, & litecoin. I thought I might experiment with crowd sourcing this information. To accomplish this, I've built a referral page at my website, located at https://opreturn.net/links/ If you have some favorite cryptocurrency related sites that offer unique content & tools, I'd very much appreciate you completing the link referral. I am hoping to get links related to one or more of these following topics: academic, applications, blockchain analysis, block explorers, coding, educational, exchanges, gaming, mempool, network, news, price data, second layer, tools, visualization, & wallets. I'll just check that the link meets some quality criteria, and if approved, the website sends you 50 doge as a thank you for the referral. Also note that the website will only accept a new referral once every 10 dogecoin blocks to encourage referrals from different people and limit multiple referrals in a short period of time. Let me know what you think. Thanks!
There are no words for how happy you've made me! You beautiful, beautiful people... THANK YOU!
Edit: I am so grateful to everyone who is using other methods of payment to carry on the spirit of this subreddit while I try to sort everything out with Paypal. I want to say thank you to everyone who has been dedicated to donating to the cause, even setting up bitcoin and changetip accounts to do so. You guys are seriously amazing, and I'm blessed to even be a part of this. It's been a busy weekend, but I've updated the totals for you guys and am working on unfreezing everything with Paypal. This probably means I'll be consolidating my accounts together, so it might take a minute. Again, thank you so much for everything. Paypal has demanded that I remove the link from this post as it violates the Acceptable Use Policy. This is clearly due to a misunderstanding of how /millionairemakers works, so I'll be contacting them tomorrow to see if I can re-add the button back up. I've submitted everything to verify GWallet and Paypal. Now comes the waiting game. This means that the totals below are substantially lower than what has actually been donated. YOUR DONATIONS ARE GOING THROUGH, MY BANK IS NOT WORKING AT THE SPEED OF REDDIT! Again, I'm totally breathless at all of this, THANK YOU!! I'm trying to reply to as many people as I can, thank you thank you THANK YOU all so much for everything, this is so amazing! Holy bananagrams you guys, you've made my entire year! I'm still in shock from all of this. Thank you all so much for donating and to being a part of this amazing subreddit! I'm trying as hard as I can to reply to all of you. I had lost my job a couple of months ago and was drowning in the quagmire of job searches. I started getting really depressed about a week ago, as I had just about run out of the savings I had to get a new job. The other day I posted in /millionairemakers hoping for something but not really expecting anything. I've lurked on reddit for a little while and don't really have the courage to post anything, just the odd comment here and there. After a job interview today, I went on a hike with a friend of mine and afterwards saw that my phone exploded with replies about winning this and I'm on cloud 9 right now with excitement! As for what I'll do with this money, most of it will go to taking down my student debt and living expenses...all except for one dollar, which of course goes to the future winner. If this is significant enough, you can bet that I'll be in places like /Random_Acts_Of_Pizza , /millionairemakers , etc. trying to impart the same elation that I have now. This is an amazing community and I'm so blessed to be a small part of it. I'm shaking with happiness and I hope to contribute the same feeling to the next person. Huge thanks to the mods for helping out with the logistics and verification. Another huge thanks to all the redditors of this beautiful subreddit, you have changed my life in a way that I will remember forever and can only hope to pay forward. prophecynine posted links to my address to see how much Bitcoin, Dogecoin and Litecoin y'all have donated.
17:00 EST: GOOGLE WALLET IS VERIFIED AND WORKING. I have just got off the phone with Google wallet and everything is verified. I have a bunch of transactions to claim, so I'll be back in a bit with the updated numbers. Thanks for being so patient! THE PAYPAL ACCOUNT WAS VERIFIED BUT APPARENTLY IT AUTO-DENIED PAYMENTS.
Paypal: $870Still frozen, working on it
BTC: 3.49455462 = $1064.89
Dogecoin: 944,420.14707387 = $159.88
Dogetip: 743969.22631525 = $125.61
Litecoin: 20.41007954 = $39.27
First update: $1401.32 21:58 EST: $2335.00 04:17 EST: $2460.31 Still waiting on GWallet and Paypal. You guys are incredible. 01/22 20:00 EST: $3743.80 01/24 03:23 EST: $4400.96 01/26 10:55 EST: $5190.99 This part is written by the mods: All of the amounts below should result in smallrye receiving about $1 USD Methods of payment: Tipbots
A short Background 2008 was the worst financial crisis the world had experience since the great depression. The efforts of banks worldwide were not enough to prevent its occurrence. Shortly after, someone by the name of Satoshi Nakamoto offered an alternative solution. A digital currency that removes the need for a central bank. His proposal written in the Bitcoin white paper, is summarized below:
A secure, decentralized network.
A system with economic properties.
No need for banks or rule makers.
Instant transactions without a need of a third party or government approval.
Bringing financial services to the unbanked 2.5 billion people.
Total financial freedom. No one can freeze your accounts.
Low transaction costs. No ridiculously high transaction fees.
A currency with finite amount where no one can print money whenever they want.
Bitcoin In 2009, when Satoshi Nakamoto launched Bitcoin, the network consisted of computers (in crypto terms, these are called Nodes) to approve transactions, movements of data along the chain. This allows for everyone willing to become a participant, creating a decentralized global network. Allowing for a decentralized currency, free of the control of politicians, or institutions. The rules can only be changed if 51% of the network agrees on it. This way the network is completely democratized and resistant to hacking attacks. Unlike today’s financial institutions, no one can freeze your account or prevent you sending money. You are the only person who truly holds your wealth. It is an open source project. Anyone can see the code and offer or discuss changes with the community. On the other hand, anyone participating to the network with computational power gets incentives or pay, with a fractional amount of BTC. Blockchain The core of a secure decentralized network like Bitcoin, lies the Blockchain technology. To put it simply, the blockchain is like a series of Lego, connected to each other by linking information, called transactions. These transactions contain the following data sender, receiver and the unique signature of the sender. The data will be converted into “hash” before being saved into a block. The bitcoin hash is generated using a set of cryptographic functions called sha256. This way the information is encrypted, is compressed and saved in the block. Additionally, each block in the chain, contains the information from the block before it. This ensures that if someone tries to maliciously modify information in a block, all the block following this attempt will be changed, making it easier to spot. Each block includes the information from the previous block. If someone wants to maliciously change the information in one block that change the complete result of all following blocks. In this type of network there is only one blockchain, and all the information is kept in a public ledger which is shared amongst all the participating networks. For the blockchain to be valid, more than 50% of the participants (nodes and their computational power) must agree with it. Bitcoin Today (2018) Until today many, many, events have happened. The network has grown massively. The underlying code is improved in many ways. There are more and more developers and investors that have entered the cryptocurrency space. Currently there are proposed changes being developed to the Bitcoin network that will make bitcoin rival the centralized networks of today (Visa, Mastercard), while significantly lowering the cost of these transaction. Many alternative cryptocurrencies have been created along the way, improving some of the aspects of the bitcoin and focusing on certain applications, in the crypto-space, we call them altcoins. WHY VERGE The way that Bitcoin function, has severe flaws with regards to privacy:
Public Ledger: The transaction information is public, meaning, that transactions can be linked to a person.
IP Leakage: A persistent and motivated attacker will be able to associate your IP address with your bitcoin transaction.
Due to the above reasons, it was clear that there would be a need for a privacy coin. Different coins were then created that had this problem in mind. They were ‘too private’ in the sense that they completely by-passed the public ledger. The public ledger allows merchant to provide proof of transactions, which is important for bookkeeping. Enter Verge Currency, formerly Dogecoindark; which offers transaction on the ledger, both public and private. Allowing the user to choose if the transactions are public or private. VERGE CURRENCY 2014 saw the birth of Dogecoin Dark; in 2016, it was rebranded to Verge Currency. Verge improves upon the original Bitcoin blockchain and aims to fulfill its initial purpose of providing individuals and businesses with a fast, efficient and decentralized way of making direct transactions while maintaining your privacy. What is the Verge Currency Mission? Verge Currency aims to empower people around the globe using blockchain in everyday life and makes it possible for people to engage in transactions quickly, efficiently and privately. With Verge, business and individuals now have flexible options for sending and receiving payments. Verge Currency also offer helpful integrations and tools that enable them to handle large scale transactions between merchants and small-scale private payments. Is Verge Currency a private company and how is it funded? Following in the spirit of Bitcoin, Verge is an open-source software, and a community. It is not a company, never had an ICO. The development is entirely funded by the community and the developers. Currently Verge is looking into setting up an official Verge merchandise store, and an Official Verge mining pool, for multiple algorithms. Tech General technical capabilities of XVG blockchain:
PoW (Proof of Work)
Scrypt, X17, Lyra2rev2, myr-groestl and blake2s
Max Coin Supply
16.5 billion XVG
15.2 billion XVG
Tx (Transaction) Speed
Tps (Transactions per sec.)
100 (Will be ~2000 with RSK)
Tor + I2P Networks
fully obfuscated IP address / User's Location is hidden
It enables users to anonymously receive funds to their wallet. Therefore third parties are no longer able to track receivers addresses, nor are they able to combine official wallet addresses with their stealth addresses.
Community Verge is a community-driven project. The community is the pillar of Verge, from the past to the future, the community built Verge. The community or Vergefam connects everyone from around the world, regardless of cultural background. The common vision is to provide everyone access to financial freedom, and the choice of privacy while transacting. Below you can find the Verge Telegram communities from around the world;
Mass Adoption Low fees, quick transactions, high volume in circulation, multiplatform support, Wraith protocol are the ingredients that make Verge perfectly positioned for mass adoption. Transact on the public ledger for everyday purchases or stay private if you wish so. Getting Started You can find the matching instructions as below:
There has been too much negativity and FUD recently, so I thought I'd share some of my own thoughts. Colin and I have been friends since 2016. We're both skilled and sought after developers within our respective spheres of influence. Colin used to float the idea of me helping him with things related to his cryptocurrency project since probably the first week we met. I'll be honest: at the time I thought it was just a cute pet project of his and — while really intellectually intriguing for me — I had very little available bandwidth to take on another project as the leader of my own small team within a startup. RaiBlocks, as it was known at the time, continued to be something on my “when I have free time” list. That was until early December 2017. Now, many of you might associate that month with the astronomical growth of the “price” but to me it represents something completely different. I had discussed with Colin almost a year prior outlandish ideas I had for an “index fund” of cryptocurrencies that I had begun to explore. It was to be a completely automated, managed solution for people interested in cryptocurrencies without the time to commit to researching the market themselves. To support a friend, I asked Colin if I could buy some RaiBlocks from him directly to add to a test fund I was starting. Unbeknownst to me at the same time, Bitcoin transactions were taking hours and fees were approaching $20 per transaction for the kind of transactions I was attempting. That was simply unacceptable for the business model I was attempting to target. Before Colin could type out “sent” it was in my account. It was at that moment I realised: Why isn't literally everybody using RaiBlocks for arbitrage? Why would anybody use any crypto other than RaiBlocks for everyday transactions? Why isn't every goddamn crypto news site talking about how RaiBlocks turns the entire industry on its head!? The next day I asked Colin what I could do for the team. Let me set the stage for you: RaiBlocks, one wallet (the Qt wallet), the old website (raiblocks.net), and the old Reddit (/raiblocks). That was the entirety of the RaiBlocks community at the time. When Colin and I originally began brainstorming where I could insert myself to benefit the community the most, Colin was adamant that the most important thing was for there to be a more user-friendly wallet. Remember, this was before anything else existed other than the Qt wallet. It was with that direction that I set off to create a more user-friendly alternative to the Qt wallet in January. Despite some hiccups, within six months the team was able to develop and launch three completely separate codebases for three completely different platforms while working on a myriad of other things at the same time. Some people are dissatisfied with these wallets — which is fine. YOU HAVE CHOICE. Nano now has 6+ high-quality wallets available TODAY. Take your pick! How many projects even have more than one wallet? There are some projects with a higher market cap than Nano with no wallet! Speaking of market cap... https://i.imgur.com/ZHJQult.png Do you think Nano's market cap deserves to be at least as big as Dogecoin's market cap? Do you believe it deserves to be beneath Bitcoin Diamond? Beneath Verge!? If not, then you should feel confident that the market is just completely bonkers right now. There is no other project out there right now with the unique qualities of Nano or the caliber of our team. I truly believe that or I wouldn't be doing this. I also controversially believe there's only a small handful of cryptocurrencies that even have a real world use case or a reason to exist and Nano is one of them, but I digress... Ask yourself: what exists today? I'm not interested in what's being planned or might exist in the future I'm asking what exists now? What can I use TODAY? I need Nano to succeed because of what I can build on it, not because of what I can sell it for. If you believe in the technology, the team, the community and what we can accomplish together then don't let FUD rule your life. My opinions do not necessarily represent the views or positions of the Nano Core Team, the Nano Foundation or Nano Wallet Company and are solely and entirely my own.
What are cryptocurrencies? Cryptocurrencies are peer to peer technology protocols which rely on the block-chain; a system of decentralized record keeping which allows people to exchange unmodifiable and indestructible information “coins,” globally in little to no time with little to no fees – this translates into the exchange of value as these coins cannot be counterfeit nor stolen. This concept was started by Satoshi Nakamoto (allegedly a pseudonym for a single man or organization) whom described and coded Bitcoin in 2009. What is DigiByte? DigiByte (DGB) is a cryptocurrency like Bitcoin. It is also a decentralized applications protocol in a similar fashion to Neo or Ethereum. DigiByte was founded and created by Jared Tate in 2014. DigiByte allows for fast (virtually instant) and low cost (virtually free) transactions. DigiByte is hard capped at 21 billion coins which will ever be mined, over a period of 21 years. DigiByte was never an ICO and was mined/created in the same way that Bitcoin or Litecoin initially were. DigiByte is the fastest UTXO PoW scalable block-chain in the world. We’ll cover what this really means down below. DigiByte has put forth and applied solutions to many of the problems that have plagued Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies in general – those being:
Maintaining low fees.
Maintaining fast transaction times.
Maintaining robust security + the immutable ledger.
And most importantly assuring massive scalability on chain.
We will address these point by point in the subsequent sections. The DigiByte Protocol DigiByte maintains these properties through use of various technological innovations which we will briefly address below. Why so many coins? 21 Billion When initially conceived Bitcoin was the first of a kind! And came into the hands of a few! The beginnings of a coin such as Bitcoin were difficult, it had to go through a lot of initial growth pains which following coins did not have to face. It is for this reason among others why I believe Bitcoin was capped at 21 million; and why today it has thus secured a place as digital gold. When Bitcoin was first invented no one knew anything about cryptocurrencies, for the inventor to get them out to the public he would have to give them away. This is how the first Bitcoins were probably passed on, for free! But then as interest grew so did the community. For them to be able to build something and create something which could go on to have actual value, it would have to go through a steady growth phase. Therefore, the control of inflation through mining was extremely important. Also, why the cap for Bitcoin was probably set so low - to allow these coins to amass value without being destroyed by inflation (from mining) in the same way fiat is today! In my mind Satoshi Nakamoto knew what he was doing when setting it at 21 million BTC and must have known and even anticipated others would take his design and build on top of it. At DigiByte, we are that better design and capped at 21 billion. That's 1000 times larger than the supply of Bitcoin. Why though? Why is the cap on DigiByte so much higher than that of Bitcoin? Because DigiByte was conceived to be used not as a digital gold, nor as any sort of commodity, but as a real currency! Today on planet Earth, we are approximately 7.6 billion people. If each person should want or need to use and live off Bitcoin; then equally split at best each person could only own 0.00276315789 BTC. The market cap for all the money on the whole planet today is estimated to have recently passed 80 trillion dollars. That means that each whole unit of Bitcoin would be worth approximately $3,809,523.81! $3,809,523.81 This is of course in an extreme case where everyone used Bitcoin for everything. But even in a more conservative scenario the fact remains that with such a low supply each unit of a Bitcoin would become absurdly expensive if not inaccessible to most. Imagine trying to buy anything under a dollar! Not only would using Bitcoin as an everyday currency be a logistical nightmare but it would be nigh impossible. For each Satoshi of a Bitcoin would be worth much, much, more than what is realistically manageable. This is where DigiByte comes in and where it shines. DigiByte aims to be used world-wide as an international currency! Not to be hoarded in the same way Bitcoin is. If we were to do some of the same calculations with DigiByte we'd find that the numbers are a lot more reasonable. At 7.6 billion people, each person could own 2.76315789474 DGB. Each whole unit of DGB would be worth approximately $3,809.52. $3,809.52 This is much more manageable and remember in an extreme case where everyone used DigiByte for everything! I don't expect this to happen anytime soon, but with the supply of DigiByte it would allow us to live and transact in a much more realistic and fluid fashion. Without having to divide large numbers on our phone's calculator to understand how much we owe for that cup of coffee! With DigiByte it's simple, coffee cost 1.5 DGB, the cinema 2.8 DGB, a plane ticket 500 DGB! There is a reason for DigiByte's large supply, and it is a good one! Decentralisation Decentralisation is an important concept for the block-chain and cryptocurrencies in general. This allows for a system which cannot be controlled nor manipulated no matter how large the organization in play or their intentions. DigiByte’s chain remains out of the reach of even the most powerful government. This allows for people to transact freely and openly without fear of censorship. Decentralisation on the DigiByte block-chain is assured by having an accessible and fair mining protocol in place – this is the multi-algorithm (MultiAlgo) approach. We believe that all should have access to DigiByte whether through purchase or by mining. Therefore, DigiByte is minable not only on dedicated mining hardware such as Antminers, but also through use of conventional graphics cards. The multi-algorithm approach allows for users to mine on a variety of hardware types through use of one of the 5 mining algorithms supported by DigiByte. Those being:
Please note that these mining algorithms are modified and updated from time to time to assure complete decentralisation and thus ultimate security. The problem with using only one mining algorithm such as Bitcoin or Litecoin do is that this allows for people to continually amass mining hardware and hash power. The more hash power one has, the more one can collect more. This leads to a cycle of centralisation and the creation of mining centres. It is known that a massive portion of all hash power in Bitcoin comes from China. This kind of centralisation is a natural tendency as it is cheaper for large organisations to set up in countries with inexpensive electricity and other such advantages which may be unavailable to the average miner. DigiByte mitigates this problem with the use of multiple algorithms. It allows for miners with many different kinds of hardware to mine the same coin on an even playing field. Mining difficulty is set relative to the mining algorithm used. This allows for those with dedicated mining rigs to mine alongside those with more modest machines – and all secure the DigiByte chain while maintaining decentralisation. Low Fees Low fees are maintained in DigiByte thanks to the MultiAlgo approach working in conjunction with MultiShield (originally known as DigiShield). MultiShield calls for block difficulty readjustment between every single block on the chain; currently blocks last 15 seconds. This continuous difficulty readjustment allows us to combat any bad actors which may wish to manipulate the DigiByte chain. Manipulation may be done by a large pool or a single entity with a great amount of hash power mining blocks on the chain; thus, increasing the difficulty of the chain. In some coins such as Bitcoin or Litecoin difficulty is readjusted every 2016 blocks at approximately 10mins each and 2mins respectively. Meaning that Bitcoin’s difficulty is readjusted about every two weeks. This system can allow for large bad actors to mine a coin and then abandon it, leaving it with a difficulty level far too high for the present hash rate – and so transactions can be frozen, and the chain stopped until there is a difficulty readjustment and or enough hash power to mine the chain. In such a case users may be faced with a choice - pay exorbitant fees or have their transactions frozen. In an extreme case the whole chain could be frozen completely for extended periods of time. DigiByte does not face this problem as its difficulty is readjusted per block every 15 seconds. This innovation was a technological breakthrough and was adopted by several other coins in the cryptocurrency environment such as Dogecoin, Z-Cash, Ubiq, Monacoin, and Bitcoin Gold. This difficulty readjustment along with the MultiAlgo approach allows DigiByte to maintain the lowest fees of any UTXO – PoW – chain in the world. Currently fees on the DigiByte block-chain are at about 0.0001 DGB per transaction of 100 000 DGB sent. This depends on the amount sent and currently 100 000 DGB are worth around $2000.00 with the fee being less than 0.000002 cents. It would take 500 000 transactions of 100 000 DGB to equal 1 penny’s worth. This was tested on a Ledger Nano S set to the low fees setting. Fast transaction times Fast transactions are ensured by the conjunctive use of the two aforementioned technology protocols. The use of MultiShield and MultiAlgo allows the mining of the DigiByte chain to always be profitable and thus there is always someone mining your transactions. MultiAlgo allows there to a greater amount of hash power spread world-wide, this along with 15 second block times allows for transactions to be near instantaneous. This speed is also ensured by the use DigiSpeed. DigiSpeed is the protocol by which the DigiByte chain will decrease block timing gradually. Initially DigiByte started with 30 second block times in 2014; which today are set at 15 seconds. This decrease will allow for ever faster and ever more transactions per block. Robust security + The Immutable Ledger At the core of cryptocurrency security is decentralisation. As stated before decentralisation is ensured on the DigiByte block chain by use of the MultiAlgo approach. Each algorithm in the MultiAlgo approach of DigiByte is only allowed about 20% of all new blocks. This in conjunction with MultiShield allows for DigiByte to be the most secure, most reliable, and fastest UTXO block chain on the planet. This means that DigiByte is a proof of work (PoW) block-chain where all transactional activities are stored on the immutable public ledger world-wide. In DigiByte there is no need for the Lightning protocol (although we have it) nor sidechains to scale, and thus we get to keep PoW’s security. There are many great debates as to the robustness or cleanliness of PoW. The fact remains that PoW block-chains remain the only systems in human history which have never been hacked and thus their security is maximal. For an attacker to divert the DigiByte chain they would need to control over 93% of all the hashrate on one algorithm and 51% of the other four. And so DigiByte is immune to the infamous 51% attack to which Bitcoin and Litecoin are vulnerable. Moreover, the DigiByte block-chain is currently spread over 200 000 plus servers, computers, phones, and other machines world-wide. The fact is that DigiByte is one of the easiest to mine coins there is – this is greatly aided by the recent release of the one click miner. This allows for ever greater decentralisation which in turn assures that there is no single point of failure and the chain is thus virtually un-attackable. On Chain Scalability The biggest barrier for block-chains today is scalability. Visa the credit card company can handle around 2000 transactions per second (TPS) today. This allows them to ensure customer security and transactional rates nation-wide. Bitcoin currently sits at around 7 TPS and Litecoin at 28 TPS (56 TPS with SegWit). All the technological innovations I’ve mentioned above come together to allow for DigiByte to be the fastest PoW block-chain in the world and the most scalable. DigiByte is scalable because of DigiSpeed, the protocol through which block times are decreased and block sizes are increased. It is known that a simple increase in block size can increase the TPS of any block-chain, such is the case with Bitcoin Cash. This is however not scalable. The reason a simple increase in block size is not scalable is because it would eventually lead to some if not a great amount of centralization. This centralization occurs because larger block sizes mean that storage costs and thus hardware cost for miners increases. This increase along with full blocks – meaning many transactions occurring on the chain – will inevitably bar out the average miner after difficulty increases and mining centres consolidate. Hardware cost, and storage costs decrease over time following Moore’s law and DigiByte adheres to it perfectly. DigiSpeed calls for the increase in block sizes and decrease in block timing every two years by a factor of two. This means that originally DigiByte’s block sizes were 1 MB at 30 seconds each at inception in 2014. In 2016 DigiByte increased block size by two and decreased block timing by the same factor. Perfectly following Moore’s law. Moore’s law dictates that in general hardware increases in power by a factor of two while halving in cost every year. This would allow for DigiByte to scale at a steady rate and for people to adopt new hardware at an equally steady rate and reasonable expense. Thus so, the average miner can continue to mine DigiByte on his algorithm of choice with entry level hardware. DigiByte was one of the first block chains to adopt segregated witness (SegWit in 2017) a protocol whereby a part of transactional data is removed and stored elsewhere to decrease transaction data weight and thus increase scalability and speed. This allows us to fit more transactions per block which does not increase in size! DigiByte currently sits at 560 TPS and could scale to over 280 000 TPS by 2035. This dwarfs any of the TPS capacities; even projected/possible capacities of some coins and even private companies. In essence DigiByte could scale worldwide today and still be reliable and robust. DigiByte could even handle the cumulative transactions of all the top 50 coins in coinmarketcap.com and still run smoothly and below capacity. In fact, to max out DigiByte’s actual maximum capacity (today at 560 TPS) you would have to take all these transactions and multiply them by a factor of 10! Oher Uses for DigiByte Note that DigiByte is not only to be used as a currency. Its immense robustness, security and scalability make it ideal for building decentralised applications (DAPPS) which it can host. DigiByte can in fact host DAPPS and even centralised versions which rely on the chain which are known as Digi-Apps. This application layer is also accompanied by a smart contract layer. Thus, DigiByte could host several Crypto Kitties games and more without freezing out or increasing transaction costs for the end user. Currently there are various DAPPS being built on the DigiByte block-chain, these are done independently of the DigiByte core team. These companies are simply using the DigiByte block-chain as a utility much in the same way one uses a road to get to work. One such example is Loly – a Tinderesque consensual dating application. DigiByte also hosts a variety of other platform projects such as the following:
DigiPay – A jqeury online payment protocol portal web plugin.
DigiByte DigiHash - The official DigiByte foundation mining pool.
DigiByte Digi-ID – A platform for identity verification to be used in lieu of two factor authentication and passwords.
DigiByte Emma AI – A DigiByte interactive artificial intelligence assistant.
DigiByte DigiMan – A web browser plugin to be used as a security layer two protocol.
DigiByte DigiSeeder – A background seeding service which assures all wallets quickly find other peers in the network.
DigiByte DigiMessenger – A ground-breaking messaging application built on top of DigiByte which features robust and virtually unbreakable encryption.
DigiByte OneClickMiner – An easy to set up application which allows users to quickly start mining DigiByte on their home machines.
DigiByte DigiBot – A telegram bot for users to interact with DigiByte and more.
The DigiByte Foundation As previously mentioned DigiByte was not an ICO. The DigiByte foundation was established in 2017 by founder Jared Tate. Its purpose is as a non-profit organization dedicated to supporting and developing the DigiByte block-chain. DigiByte is a community effort and a community coin, to be treated as a public resource as water or air. Know that anyone can work on DigiByte, anyone can create, and do as they wish. It is a permissionless system which encourages innovation and creation. If you have an idea and or would like to get help on your project do not hesitate to contact the DigiByte foundation either through the official website and or the telegram developer’s channel. For this reason, it is ever more important to note that the DigiByte foundation cannot exist without public support. And so, this is the reason I encourage all to donate to the foundation. All funds are used for the maintenance of DigiByte servers, marketing, and DigiByte development. DigiByte Resources and Websites DigiByte
OS X Wallet
Rasberry Pi Wallet
Ledger Hardware Wallet
Please refer to the sidebar of this sub-reddit for more resources and information. Edit - Removed Jaxx wallet. Edit - A new section was added to the article: Why so many coins? 21 Billion Edit - Adjusted max capacity of DGB's TPS - Note it's actually larger than I initially calculated. Edit – Grammar and format readjustment Hello, I hope you’ve enjoyed my article, I originally wrote this for the reddit sub-wiki where it generally will most likely, probably not, get a lot of attention. So instead I've decided to make this sort of an introductory post, an open letter, to any newcomers to DGB or for those whom are just curious. I tried to cover every aspect of DGB, but of course I may have forgotten something! Please leave a comment down below and tell me why you're in DGB? What convinced you? Me it's the decentralised PoW that really convinced me. Plus, just that transaction speed and virtually no fees! Made my mouth water! -Dereck de Mézquita I'm a student typing this stuff on my free time, help me pay my debts? Thank you! D64fAFQvJMhrBUNYpqUKQjqKrMLu76j24g https://digiexplorer.info/address/D64fAFQvJMhrBUNYpqUKQjqKrMLu76j24g
What is Garlicoin? Garlicoin is a community-based cryptocurrency that was originally founded based on a meme of garlic bread that reached the front page of Reddit. The concept of a memecoin is similar to that of the more well-known Dogecoin, but Garlicoin is actually a fork of Litecoin, which is itself a fork of Bitcoin. What technology is behind Garlicoin? As it's just a fork of Litecoin, it's basically the same thing with how the addresses, wallets, etc. work but there are a few key differences. Most importantly, the mining algorithm is called "Allium," which was specially developed to be ASIC-resistant. Originally the coin was based on Scrypt-N but a hard-fork occurred on 2/16/2018 in order to solve the problem of ASICs that were discovered on the network. Another key difference is that Garlicoin only has a 40 second block time, so transactions confirm very fast. Who developed Garlicoin? Disclaimer: Most of the code was copy-pasted. However, there are a few developers that continue to work on the project. u/DigitalizedOrange was the founder, he likes anime. Most of the moderators are also part of the team. Should I invest in Garlicoin? Like any cryptocurrency, don't treat it as investing. Treat it like speculation or gambling. If you're not willing to lose that money, the answer is no. Garlicoin has even more risk behind it as it isn't trying to be at the forefront of technology or anything. All we have is meme appeal and garlic bread. Why did the price just moon? Or why did it just crash? With such a low volume in Garlicoin exchanges, the price can be easily manipulated. Trade with caution. How can I start mining? Check out the mining section in the links and tutorials down below. There's a great guide to setting everything up by Pandawan. Why does the explorer show a different value than my web-based wallet? Some web-based wallets, such as GarlicWallet.com, are shared wallets meaning that you don't own the private keys and the website will move your coins around between addresses. The address you receive just credits your online account so you can withdraw a specific amount however you technically do not own those coins and if the site goes down then you may lose access to them forever. For that reason, it's highly recommended that you use a wallet where you own the private keys. Paper wallets are the most secure for large values as long as you physically keep them in a safe place, as they cannot be hacked. What other Garlic Bread goodness can I get into? Check out GBDS (dating simulator) and GarlicBreadMemes if you can't get enough. I have another question that isn't answered here! First try using the search bar for this subreddit. If you can't find an answer then you can create a new thread and someone from the community will most likely help you. If I forgot to add a commonly asked question to this guide, or if there's anything else you'd like to see explained/linked here, please let me know in the comments.
Skip to the middle section if you do not care about the drawing process. First, thank you to the community for being patient! At first, we accidentally misplaced a (+1) while calculating the winner. Thankfully, some great members of the community quickly stepped up to notify us of the error. I would like to take a moment to thank them for their awareness:
My apologies if anyone was missed. Unfortunately, we were also quick to notify the (incorrectly calculated) winner, Tacosocat. We have apologized repeatedly for getting their hopes up in error. Fortunately, this Redditor (who has been falsely accused of being an alt account, by the way) has been completely wonderful about the entire situation. Tacosocat has also volunteered to refund the few premature donations so that they can be sent to the correct winner instead. Thank you, Tacosocat. You have been legendary throughout this process. At the end of this post, you will find the full verifiable proof that Sj119808 is the correct winner. Now, on to celebration! I hope everyone is having a merry Christmas / happy holidays! The block chain has spoken, and Sj119808 is the 14th winner of /MillionaireMakers! The winner is currently finalizing their victory post, which will be up and stickied fairly soon. If you are in the giving mood, we ask that you exercise your kindness and make a small donation to the winner when the post is up. Changetip, Dogetip, Litetip, Bitcoin, Dogecoin, Litecoin, PayPal, and Google Wallet will all be accepted. Hopefully, we will not run into issues with PayPal this time, but be prepared for difficulties. Have a great day, everyone! By the provably fair drawing method I drafted over one year ago, we are able to post the full proof that Sj119808 is the correct winner. The drawing began with this unedited comment, which stated that Bitcoin block number 389738 would be the winning block number. It also provided this list of comment entries, of which there were 8613. Here is that block hash, as verified by several block chain explorers:
There is a discussion about nodes that came up today, where it seems I'm discouraging people from running the full QT/Core client. Yes and No. What I'm trying to make sure people understand is how things work, and that it is NOT mandatory to run a client in order to use Dogecoins (and yes, I realise that browser-based tools like coinb.in and wallet sweepers are 'clients' by strict definition). That said, more nodes is absolutely a good thing for the network. Preferrably full nodes. How do you run a full node? Just run Core/QT and open up Port 22556 on your router so it can connect to more than 8 peers. What will it cost you? You need your machine to be on 24/7/365, you need enough storage for the full blockchain (currently about 20Gb. Bitcoin is over 120Gb) and enough bandwidth to keep it in sync and share blocks with peers. A couple of Gb a month, most likely. This is best done with a desktop on a wired broadband link. Or maybe a hosted VM in the cloud. :)
EDIT 2017-01-09: Wallets WITHOUT Clients
Since I started helping people on /BitcoinBeginners, I'm getting a lot of questions about how to use wallets without running clients or trusting third parties. So here are a couple of resources that will make that possible, and not just for Dogecoin: Multi-Coin Wallet GeneratorNow supporting 129 currencies!Coinb.in Start by setting the currency, found in the gear wheel in the Broadcast tab. Dogecoin Wallet Sweeper Redeem 'paper' wallets containing up to about 100 UTXOs. Bitinfo Charts My favourite block explorer, handles a bunch of cryptos. Using these resources, it is possible to hold, receive and spend coins in various currencies, without having to run QT or a 'lite' client. You can also download and run the pages on your own device.
EDIT 2016-11-23: SEMANTICS about MINING! :P
Even though there is already a section on mining below, it has been suggested given the huge number of posts on the subject that this needs to be made clearer. Since people get their panties in a twist over the word 'dead', lets change that...
MINING IS DEAD!
MINING DOGECOIN IS UNPROFITABLE!
Put simply, there is no way to mine Dogecoin and make a profit because of the massive hashpower provided by industrial-scale Litecoin miners. Mining Doge directly stopped being viable when our hashrate exploded with the introduction of AuxPoW. Mining with CPU's and GPU's died when ASICs were introduced. And mining with a laptop WILL kill your laptop and cost you a fortune to repair or replace. Mining Litecoin with an exchange that also mines Doge and others will earn less than the electricity consumed, and you won't recover your costs. Probably ever, but certainly not in any reasonable time. Mining other currencies may be a thing, but that's beyond our scope here. This is /Dogecoin, not /GetRichMiningCryptos after all. If you want to mine the newest scamcoin for fun and profit, look elsewhere for advice. :/ Oh, and most important:
READ BEFORE YOU POST!
At any given time, there are half a dozen posts on the frontpage just like the one you're about to write, where the answers have already been given. Read them. Don't make people waste their time repeating themselves because you were too lazy to bother reading stuff. :P So there I was, having a quiet Sundy arvo bludge, as you do, when 42points turned up on Facebook and asked me to write a new sticky post for /dogecoin. Why would he do this, when he should be having a bludge himself, I hear you ask? Well, seems he was doing exactly that, and wanted to fob off the work he’s too slack to do himself. ;) Ah well, being a sucker for punishment, I’ll grudgingly oblige I guess. OK, first things first.
A client is a piece of software you keep on your computer which holds one or more wallets. Here are the current client versions. If you're using an older client please upgrade to the newest version prior to sending/receiving coins. Backup! Backup! Backup your wallet.dat file or private key so you can import them into the latest version of the client.
Be warned that unless you’re running Core (aka QT), you could have issues with wallets containing lots of UTXOs (Unspent Transaction Outputs - Where your coins REALLY live). Go read the ELI5 below, and keep a close eye on your transaction counts. If you DO run Core, realise that all full clients, regardless of the coin, require a copy of the blockchain and must keep it up to date. This will cost you time, storage space and bandwidth. You can save a little by downloading the bootstrap file though. I haven’t checked how recent this one is, so let me know if you find a more current version.
OK, so next, grab this wallet generator. Even if you plan on running a client(s). Because a) it does many, many cryptocurrencies, and b) you WILL need wallets at some stage over and above what you keep in your clients. Just be sure to run it locally (and offline if you’re truly paranoid).
Oh, and here’s a simple way to keep track of all your wallets using HTML. You can grab the source and modify it, then upload it wherever you need to suit your needs. You will also want a separate file with your private keys, but don’t upload that one anywhere, because if you lose your keys or someone else gets access to them, you will lose your coins.
Next, be aware that there are online wallets available. While any wallet you don’t own the keys to isn’t actually yours, and therefore isn’t safe, the following are safer than most. Dogetipbot of course is used daily by shibes on Reddit. Block.io uses multisig and gives you Doge, BTC and LTC wallets as well as testnets, and Dogechain gives you your private keys (and also offers a wallet sweeping service).
Exchanges also offer wallets, of course. Not that you should use them to store your hard-earned coins, because they can and do get hacked with monotonous regularity. But at some stage you’re going to want to trade, or hold a few uncommon coins. You could do worse than these three:
And then there’s the obligatory question of mining. Put simply, mining is for all intents and purposes dead, and has been for a long time now. The costs are greater than any possible returns. But, if you insist on doing it anyway, maybe because you inherited a miner, you can earn about 0.01 LTC/day per MH/s merge-mining at Litecoinpool. That’s about 4 cents. :(
Shibes sometimes complain that the devs are not as active in /dogecoin as they used to be. You can find them on IRC, slack or their very own sub if you need them though. Or poke sporklin, who can often help.
You can of course ask any questions here, or post them in the sub. However, do try searching first, because I guarantee every possible question has been asked many times before. And you should also subscribe and hang out in /dogeducation occasionally. There’s much awesomeness there.
From peoplma I was wondering if you could add just a couple things. A link to the coinomi android wallet, it's probably the best one out there. And a sentence somewhere along the lines of "if you need help with any dogecoin software you are welcome to make a post, but PLEASE include your OS, version number of the client, and any relevant transaction IDs that you are willing to share" if you can fit that in somewhere. Also, if you want to link to Prohashing, I'm pretty sure it's the only Scrypt mining pool that will actually pay out in doge. The others I know of pay out in litecoin or bitcoin. And it's a profit switching multipool, so gives a better return than just mining ltc/doge. And there's these two wiki articles I thought would be helpful to link /dogecoin/wiki/technical for those technically minded newbies or intermediate users who want to dig a little deeper. And maybe a link to /dogecoin/wiki/dogecoincoreguide next to the link for dogecoin core. From pts2002 Finally a proper sticky post! Here's some other stuff you could add: zpool.ca mining pool - You can get paid in pretty much any coin, and you can mine in multiple algos (currently mining lyra2v2 with my GPU). Doing about 500Ð/day shapeshift.io exchange - My favourite exchange, quick and easy. No registration required! Also, you should add some blockchain explorers! chain.so - Support for bitcoin, litecoin and doge. dogechain.info - Official blockchain explorer. Includes a wallet (already mentioned). Live update currently not working (?) EDIT: Here's another thing I found! preev.com currency value calculator - Easy way to check the value of your dogecoins (or bitcoins, or litecoins, or peercoins)!
What happens to transactions in the mempool, exactly?
Every node can make up rules for mempools. When I submit a transaction, I can attach a fee from 0 to however much I can afford. Obviously miners want to process as many transactions as they can to make money. A transaction with 0 fee makes them work for nothing so I would imagine most mempools are configured to ignore or drop transactions with 0 fee. Is this true? Does Bitcoin ABC and Bitcoin Unlimited have different or similar rules for mempools? What are they? Is there a good block explorer / transaction tracker where I can sort all recent (last week or so) transactions by fee and figure out what the lowest fee being processed is? Are there any good sites out there that keep track of transactions when they first enter the mempool and how long they take to clear? And let's say I create a transaction with 0 fee and submit it. Assuming nobody processes it... if I delete my wallet.dat and then reload Bitcoin unlimited/abc will I stop broadcasting it? And from that point how long before the transaction vanishes from all mempools? Do most mempools refuse to even listen to 0 fee transactions? If I offer just a single satoshi will they hear it but refuse to process it for a while? Are there some miners out there that process even 0 fee transactions still? Just curious. If I wanted to clean up inputs or play around with something that isn't worth 8 cents a transaction could I do it on BCH if I don't mind waiting or should I be playing with Dogecoin or something instead?
Soft-forking the block time to 2 min: my primarily silly and academic (but seemingly effective) entry to the "increase the blockchain's capacity in an arbitrarily roundabout way as long as it's a softfork" competition
So given that large portions of the bitcoin community seem to be strongly attached to this notion that hard forks are an unforgivable evil, to the point that schemes containing hundreds of lines of code are deemed to be a preferred alternative, I thought that I'd offer an alternative strategy to increasing the bitcoin blockchain's throughput with nothing more than a soft fork - one which is somewhat involved and counterintuitive, but for which the code changes are actually quite a bit smaller than some of the alternatives; particularly, "upper layers" of the protocol stack should need no changes at all. Notes:
Unlike the "generalized softfork" approach of putting the "real" merkle root in the coinbase of otherwise mandatorily empty blocks, this strategy makes very little change to the semantics of the protocol. No changes to block explorers or wallets required.
The point of this is largely academic, to show what is possible in a blockchain protocol. That said, if some segwit-as-block-size-increase supporters are interested in segwit because it increases the cap in a way that does not introduce a slippery slope, block time decreases are a viable alternative strategy, as there is a limit to how low block time can go while preserving safety and so the slippery slope has a hard stop and does not extend infinitely.
My personal actual preference would be a simple s/1000000/2000000/g (plus a cap of 100-1000kb/tx to address ddos issues), though I also believe that people on all sides here are far too quick to believe that the other side is evil and not see that there are plenty of reasonable arguments in every camp. I recommend this, this and this as required reading.
There's some chance that some obscure rule of the bitcoin protocol makes this all invalid, but then I don't know about it and did not see it in the code.
The attack vector is as follows. Instead of trying to increase the size of an individual block directly, we will create a softfork where under the softfork rules, miners are compelled to insert incorrect timestamps, so as to trick the bitcoin blockchain into retargeting difficulty in such a way that on average, a block comes every two minutes instead of once every ten minutes, thereby increasing throughput to be equivalent to a 5 MB block size. First, let us go over the bitcoin block timestamp and difficulty retargeting rules:
Every block must include a timestamp.
This timestamp must at the least be greater than the median of the previous eleven blocks (code here and here)
For a node to accept a block, this timestamp must be at most 2 hours ahead of the node's "network-adjusted time" (code here), which can itself be at most 70 minutes ahead of the node's timestamp (code here); hence, we can never go more than 3.17 hours into the future
Every 2016 blocks, there is a difficulty retargeting event. At that point, we calculate D = the difference between the latest block time and the block time of the block 2016 blocks before. Then, we "clamp" D to be between 302400 and 4834800 seconds (1209600 seconds = 2 weeks is the value that D "should be" if difficulty is correctly calibrated). We finally adjust difficulty by a factor of 1/D: for example, if D = 604800, difficulty goes up by 2x, if D = 1814400, difficulty goes down by 33%, etc. (code here)
The last rule ensures that difficulty adjustments are "clamped" between a 4x increase and a 4x decrease no matter what. So, how to we do this? Let's suppose for the sake of simplicity that in all examples the soft fork starts at unix time 1500000000. We could say that instead of putting the real time into blocks, miners should put 1500000000 + (t - 1500000000) * 5; this would make the blockchain think that blocks are coming 5x as rarely, and so it would decrease difficulty by a factor of 5, so that from the point of view of actual time blocks will start coming in every two minutes instead of ten. However, this approach has one problem: it is not a soft fork. Users running the original bitcoin client will very quickly start rejecting the new blocks because the timestamps are too far into the future. Can we get around this problem? You could use 1500000000 + (t - 1500000000) * 0.2 as the formula instead, and that would be a soft fork, but that would be counterproductive: if you do that, you would instead reduce the real-world block throughput by 5x. You could try to look at schemes where you pretend that blocks come quickly sometimes and slowly at other times and "zigzag" your way to a lower net equilibrium difficulty, but that doesn't work: for mathematical reasons that have to do with the fact that 1/x always has a positive second derivative, any such strategy would inevitably gain more difficulty going up than it would lose coming down (at least as long as it stays within the constraint that "fake time" must always be less than or equal to "real time"). However, there is one clever way around this. We start off by running a soft fork that sets fake_time = 1500000000 + (real_time - 1500000000) * 0.01 for as long as is needed to get fake time 12 weeks behind real time. However, we add an additional rule: every 2016th block, we set the block timestamp equal to real time (this rule is enforced by soft-fork: if you as a miner don't do this, other miners don't build on top of your block). This way, the difficulty retargeting algorithm has no idea that anything is out of the ordinary, and so difficulty just keeps adjusting as normal. Note that because the timestamp of each block need only be higher than the median of the timestamps of the previous 11 blocks, and not necessarily higher than that of the immediately previous block, it's perfectly fine to hop right back to fake time after those single blocks at real time. During those 12 weeks, we also add a soft-forking change which invalidates a random 20% of blocks in the first two weeks, a random 36% of blocks in the second two weeks, 50% in the third two weeks, etc; this creates a gap between in-protocol difficulty and de-facto difficulty that will hit 4x by the time we start the next step (we need this to avoid having an 8-week period where block throughput is at 250 kb per 10 minutes). Then, once we have 12 weeks of "leeway", we perform the following maneuver. We do the first retarget with the timestamp equal to fake time; this increases difficulty by 4x (as the timestamp difference is -12 weeks, which gets clamped to the minimum of 302400 seconds = 0.5 weeks). The retarget after that, we set the timestamp 8 weeks ahead of fake time, so as to get the difficulty down 4x. The retargeting round after that, we determine the actual retargeting coefficient c that we want to have, and clamp it so that 0.5 <= c < 2. We set the block timestamp c * 2 weeks ahead of the timestamp of the previous retargeting block. Then, in the retargeting round after that, we set the block timestamp back at fake time, and start the cycle again. Rinse and repeat forever. Diagram here: http://i.imgur.com/sqKa00e.png Hence, in general we spend 2/3 of our retargeting periods in lower-difficulty mode, and 1/3 in higher-difficulty. We choose c to target the block time in lower-difficulty mode to 30 seconds, so that in higher-difficulty mode it will be two minutes. In lower-difficulty mode, we add another softfork change in order to make a random 75% of blocks that get produced invalid (eg. one simple way to do this is to just pretend that the difficulty during these periods is 4x higher), so the actual block time duing all periods will converge toward two minutes - equivalent to a throughput of 5 MB every ten minutes. Note that a corollary of this is that it is possible for a majority of miners to collude using the technique above to make the block rewards come out 5x faster (or even more) than they are supposed to, thereby greatly enriching themselves at the expense of future network security. This is a slight argument in favor of bitcoin's finite supply over infinite supply models (eg. dogecoin), because in an infinite supply model this means that you can actually permanently expand issuance via a soft fork rather than just making the existing limited issuance come out faster. This is a quirk of bitcoin's difficulty adjustment algorithm specifically; other algorithms are immune to this specific trick though they may be vulnerable to tricks of their own. Homework:
Come up with a soft-fork strategy to change the mining algorithm to Keccak
Determine the minimum block time down to which it is possible to soft-fork Ethereum using a timestamp manipulation strategy. Do the same for Kimoto Gravity Well or whatever your favorite adjustment algorithm of choice is.
EDIT: I looked at the code again and it seems like the difficulty retargeting algorithm might actually only look 2015 blocks back every 2016 blocks rather than every 2016 blocks (ie. it checks the timestamp difference between block 2016*k+2015 and 2016*k, not 2016*k+2016 and 2016*k as I had assumed). In that case, the timestamp dance and the initial capacity adjustment process might actually be substantially simpler than I thought: it would simply be a one-step procedure of always setting the timestamp at 2016*k to equal real time and then setting the timestamp of 2016*k+2015 to whatever is convenient for achieving the desired difficulty adjustment. EDIT 2: I think I may have been wrong about the effectiveness of this strategy being limited by the minimum safe block time. Specifically, note that you can construct a soft fork where the in-protocol difficulty drops to the point where it's negligible, and say that all blocks where block.number % N != 0 have negligible difficulty but blocks where block.number % N = 0 are soft-forked to have higher de-facto difficulty; in this case, a miner's optimal strategy will be to simultaneously generate N-1 easy blocks and a hard block and if successful publish them as a package, creating a "de-facto block" of theoretically unlimited size.
Burstcoin (BURST): A Dark Horse That Could Become A Major Cryptocurrency, The King of Proof of Capacity
https://preview.redd.it/nt1qbc9cq4221.png?width=572&format=png&auto=webp&s=d867a4c98e7ab7e9c37c7dc23cc7fb251a5ecec7 https://cryptoiq.co/burstcoin-burst-a-dark-horse-that-could-become-a-major-cryptocurrency-the-king-of-proof-of-capacity/ Currently the cryptocurrency space is flooded with copycat coins and initial coin offering (ICO) tokens, most of which are moving steadily down the ranks on CoinMarketCap as the bear market of 2018 continues. This bear market is weeding out cryptocurrencies that have little long term potential, and cryptocurrencies that have strong communities and unique technology are rising to the top. Burstcoin (BURST) is one such cryptocurrency that is rising to the top, like cream in a glass of fresh milk. This is because the Burstcoin community is filled with diehard Cypherpunks, and BURST is the king of Proof of Capacity. Back in the middle of October 2018 BURST was at #248 on CoinMarketCap, which was before the ‘nuclear’ bear market took effect, where the support level was broken due to the Bitcoin Cash hard fork, Bakkt delaying the launch of physical Bitcoin futures, and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) initiating its first civil enforcement penalties against ICOs. BURST has decreased in price like every other cryptocurrency, but is rising relative to other cryptocurrencies, and as of 3 December 2018 sits at #199 on CoinMarketCap with a market cap of USD 13.5 million. This increase in the price of BURST relative to other cryptocurrencies is due to Burstcoin’s unique technology. Burstcoin is the king of Proof of Capacity, a mining algorithm that uses the hard drive, versus raw computational power like with Proof of Work, and is much more energy efficient than Proof of Work. Proof of Capacity works by writing cryptographic hashes to an allotted segment of a hard drive called a plot. This plot is then read during mining to find the correct cryptographic hash, and whoever finds the cryptographic hash the fastest receives the block reward. More hard drive space dedicated to the plot equals more cryptographic hashes available, making it easier to find an answer and earn the BURST block reward. Currently 1TB generates 1-2 BURST per day, and even though this is only equivalent to about a penny, it is all profit since reading the plot file requires a negligible amount of energy, and BURST miners can use their computer for other activities without impediment. Compare this to Proof of Work, which slows down personal computers and costs more electricity than the cryptocurrency it mines. BURST is one of the only cryptocurrencies that can be profitably mined on personal computers. Further, unlike with Proof of Work where specialized mining equipment is required like application specific integrated circuits (ASICs), anyone with a computer or even mobile phone can mine BURST, and if they decide to stop mining BURST they can simply delete their plot file and use the hard drive space for other things. This is unlike ASICs, which cannot be used for anything but mining, so if someone decides to stop mining they lose all the money invested into the ASIC. The ease of mining and negligible energy usage has led to the formation of a strong BURST mining community, with over 200,000 TB securing the BURST network. This is equivalent to hundreds of thousands of personal computers. The expansive mining community gives BURST value, and some of these miners are blockchain developers, and they have been building a full suite of technology based on the Burstcoin blockchain. CloudBurst immutably stores files directly on the Burstcoin blockchain, for a small 1-time fee. Real blockchain storage is a rarity in the cryptocurrency world. The file will be stored as long as the Burstcoin blockchain exists, which is the foreseeable future and beyond considering the expansive BURST mining community. Cloudburst would be useful if you lost your computer and all of your backups in a natural disaster like a hurricane, and is a more secure solution than cloud storage like Google. Also, the Burstcoin wallet can be used to easily issue cryptocurrencies that are based off of the Burstcoin blockchain, and there is a decentralized exchange built-in to the wallet to trade these crypto assets. Cryptocurrency scalability is a problem even for major cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum, but Burstcoin has tackled and solved this problem with the launch of the Dymaxion. The scalability of the Dymaxion is so powerful that it can handle all the non-cash transactions in the world. This is done via the utilization of tangle-based lightning networks on top of the Burstcoin blockchain. Transactions done via the Dymaxion are instant, with no fees and practically no energy expenditure. The Dymaxion gives Burstcoin the room to grow as much as it needs to. When people look for the cryptocurrencies that will survive long term, it can be confusing due to the 2,000+ cryptocurrencies listed on CoinMarketCap. However, it is clear that cryptocurrencies with truly unique and useful technology, as well as strong communities will always be around and gain value long term relative to all the ICOs and copycats. Bitcoin is the king of SHA-256, Litecoin is the king of Scrypt, Ethereum is the king of blockchain-based dApps, Dogecoin is the king of the shibes on Reddit, Dash is the King of X11, Monero is the king of privacy coins, IOTA is the king of Directed Acyclic Graphs (DAGs), and Burstcoin is the king of Proof of Capacity. These kings of cryptocurrency will definitely be the winners and survivors when the fallout from the ICO apocalypse is over. This is for educational purposes only and is not investment advice. We are not paid by BURST to write this article.
Block 3449708 (ad35005e34f813cd373520b53c89d1ba2b378eb85fe4a5fc5e15318a8e7e5af0) for coin Dogecoin (DOGE) at the Prohashing mining pool's Dogecoin block explorer. The most popular and trusted block explorer and crypto transaction search engine. SoChain. Wow. The Fastest Dogecoin Block Reader. Price: 0.00000022 BTC/Ď: Hashrate: 197.61 TH/s: Activity-.-- TX/min: Unconfirmed Txs Search the block chain. Find info that other block explorers don't have. BTC. Bitcoin; Bitcoin Testnet; Litecoin; DogeCoin; Dash ; Blockcypher Testnet; Enter an address, transaction hash, block hash, block number, or wallet name. Buscar Browse the Blockchain. Bitcoin. Grin. Litecoin. Dogecoin. Dash. BlockCypher Testnet. Read more about what makes this block explorer different here. We are ... Dogechain, the official Dogecoin blockchain. Fetching data from Bittrex. 5,920,079.09. Current difficulty
Setting up a Block Explorer for your coin - YouTube
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